Repost Bonanza: The Beatles – Complete Live Collection, Vol. 3 – Conquering America


The Beatles
Live 03 – Conquering America
Purple Chick

Download: FLAC/MP3


Ed Sullivan Show 3 – 9 February, 1964
1: intro (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
2: Twist And Shout (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
3: Please Please Me (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
4: I Want To Hold Your Hand (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
5: outro (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)

Ed Sullivan Show 1 – 9 February, 1964
6: intro (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
7: All My Loving (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
8: Till There Was You (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
9: She Loves You (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
10: ed (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
11: I Saw Her Standing There (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
12: I Want To Hold Your Hand (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
13: outro (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)

Washington, DC – 11 February, 1964
14: intro (First U.S. Concert)
15: Roll Over Beethoven
(First U.S. Concert + Can You Hear Me + First U.S. Concert)
16: From Me To You (First U.S. Concert + Anthology DVD)
17: I Saw Her Standing There (Anthology DVD + First U.S. Concert)
18: This Boy (First U.S. Concert)
19: All My Loving (First U.S. Concert)
20: I Wanna Be Your Man (First U.S. Concert + Anthology DVD)
21: Please Please Me (Anthology DVD + First U.S. Concert)
22: Till There Was You (First U.S. Concert)
23: She Loves You (First U.S. Concert)
24: I Want To Hold Your Hand (First U.S. Concert)
25: Twist And Shout (First U.S. Concert)
26: Long Tall Sally

Ed Sullivan Show 2 rehearsal – 16 February, 1964
27: She LoveS You (Ultimate Collection)
28: This Boy (Ultimate Collection)
29: All My Loving (Ultimate Collection)
30: ed (Ultimate Collection)
31: I Saw Her Standing There (Ultimate Collection)
32: From Me To You (Ultimate Collection)
33: I Want To Hold Your Hand (Ultimate Collection)
34: outro (Ultimate Collection)


Ed Sullivan Show 2 – 16 February, 1964
1: intro (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
2: She LoveS You (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
3: This Boy (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
4: All My Loving (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
5: ed (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
6: I Saw Her Standing There (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
7: From Me To You (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
8: I Want To Hold Your Hand (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)
9: outro (Complete Ed Sullivan DVD)

NME Pollwinners Concert – 26 April, 1964
10: intro (25 April 1964 to 26 April 1964 + Telecasts)
11: She Loves You (Telecasts)
12: You Can’t Do That (Telecasts)
13: Twist And Shout (Telecasts)
14: Long Tall Sally (Telecasts)
15: Can’t Buy Me Love (Telecasts)

Around The Beatles – 28 April, 1964
16: Twist And Shout (Around And Around)
17: Roll Over Beethoven (Around And Around)
18: I Wanna Be Your Man (Around And Around)
19: Long Tall Sally (Around And Around)
20: introducing pj proby (Around And Around)
21: a midsummer night’s dream (Around And Around)
22: intro (Around And Around)
23: Medley (Around And Around)
24: Can’t Buy Me Love (Around And Around)
25: Shout (Around And Around)

Copenhagen, Denmark – 4 June, 1964
26: I Saw Her Standing There (Danmark + Nederland)
27: I Want To Hold Your Hand (Danmark + Nederland)
28: All My Loving (Danmark + Nederland)
29: She Loves You (Danmark + Nederland)
30: Till There Was You (Danmark + Nederland)
31: Roll Over Beethoven (Danmark + Nederland)
32: Can’t Buy Me Love (Danmark + Nederland)
33: This Boy (Danmark + Nederland)
34: Twist And Shout (Danmark + Nederland)

From the original uploader:

Carefully compiled and restored from the best sources we could find. As always, we didn’t just copy the audio from the listed souces – instead, wetried to work some of our patented sonic magic when necessary. Of course,the quality still varies from dire to delightful, but you knew that already.

Repost Bonanza: The Beatles – Complete Live Collection, Vol. 2 – Before America

The Beatles: Complete Live Collection - Before America

The Beatles
Complete Live Collection, Vol. 2 – Before America

Download: FLAC/MP3


Pops and Lenny – 16 May, 1963
1: From Me To You (video)

The Mersey Sound- 27 August, 1963
2: Twist And Shout (Can You Hear Me)
3: I Saw Her Standing There (Can You Hear Me)
4: She Loves You (Can You Hear Me)

Sunday Night at the Palladium – 13 October, 1963
5: intro (Road Runner + Mythology)
6: From Me To You ((M + RR)2 + Mythology + Anthology 1)
7: I’ll Get You (Anthology 1 + Mythology)
8: She Loves You (Mythology)
9: Twist And Shout (Mythology + Road Runner)
10: outro

Pop ‘63 – 24 October, 1963
11: intro (Swedish Radio Show)
12: I Saw Her Standing There (Swedish Radio Show)
13: From Me To You (Swedish Radio Show)
14: Money (That’s What I Want) (Swedish Radio Show)
15: Roll Over Beethoven (Swedish Radio Show)
16: You Really Got A Hold On Me (Swedish Radio Show)
17: She Loves You (Swedish Radio Show)
18: Twist And Shout (Swedish Radio Show)

Drop In – 30 October, 1963
19: intro
20: She Loves You (In Case You Don’t Know)
21: Twist And Shout (ICYDK + Anthology DVD)
22: I Saw Her Standing There (Anthology DVD)
23: Long Tall Sally (Anthology DVD)
24: outro (Anthology DVD + video)

The Royal Variety Performance – 4 November, 1963
25: From Me To You (vid + Ant dvd + M + Ant 1)
26: She Loves You (Anthology 1)
27: Till There Was You (Anthology 1)
28: Twist And Shout (Anthology 1 + Mythology)
29: outro (Mythology)

The Early Beatles – 9 Nov, 1963
30: I Saw Her Standing There (We’d Like To Carry On)

The Jack Paar Program – 16 Nov, 1963
31: From Me To You (Live! Make As Much Noise As You Like)

The Beatles Come To Town – 20 November, 1963
32: She Loves You (November 1963)
33: Twist And Shout (Addendum 1)
34: From Me To You (reprise) (November 1963)

Morecambe and Wise – 2 Dec, 1963
35: intro (Mythology + Anthology 1)
36: This Boy (Anthology 1 + Mythology)
37: All My Loving (Mythology + Hollywood Bowl Complete + Mythology)
38: I Want To Hold Your Hand (Mythol + Ant 1)
39: not like it was in your day (Anthology 1)
40: Moonlight Bay (Anthology 1 + Mythology)
41: outro (Mythology)


It’s The Beatles! – 7 December, 1963
1: From Me To You (youtube)
2: I Saw Her Standing There (youtube)
3: All My Loving (youtube)
4: Roll Over Beethoven (youtube + Mythology + youtube)
5: Boys (youtube)
6: Till There Was You (youtube + Mythology + youtube)
7: She Loves You (youtube [with Mythology])
8: This Boy (youtube + Mythology + youtube)
9: I Want To Hold Your Hand (yt + ULM + yt)
10: Money (That’s What I Want)
(youtube + Ultimate Live Masters + youtube + Ultimate Live Masters)
11: Twist And Shout (Ultimate Live Masters + youtube + ULM + yt + ULM + yt)
12: From Me To You (reprise) (youtube + ULM)

Sunday Night at the Palladium – 12 January, 1964
13: intro (Mythology)
14: I Want To Hold Your Hand (Mythology)
15: This Boy (Mythology)
16: All My Loving (Mythology)
17: Money (That’s What I Want) (Mythology)
18: Twist And Shout (Mythology)
19: outro (Mythology)

Cinéma Cyrano, Versailles – 15 January, 1964
20: From Me To You (

L’Olympia Theatre, Paris – 16 January, 1964 (afternoon)
21: From Me To You (City Of Light)
22: I Saw Her Standing There (City Of Light)
23: this boy intro (City Of Light)
24: Twist And Shout (City Of Light)
25: From Me To You (reprise) (City Of Light)
26: Long Tall Sally (City Of Light)
27: From Me To You (reprise) (City Of Light)

L’Olympia Theatre, Paris – 16 January, 1964 (evening)
28: From Me To You (City Of Light)
29: She Loves You (City Of Light)
30: This Boy (City Of Light)
31: I Want To Hold Your Hand (City Of Light)
32: Twist And Shout (City Of Light)
33: From Me To You (reprise) (City Of Light)
34: Long Tall Sally (Johnson-Penniman-Blackwell) (tumult und die beatles)
35: From Me To You (reprise)(Lennon-McCartney) (tumult und die beatles)

Repost Bonanza: The Beatles – The Complete Live Collection, Vol. 1 – Star Club


The Beatles
The Complete Live Collection, Vol. 1 – Star Club (FIXED)

Download: FLAC/MP3

Purple Chickin association with DarthDisc
Source: Various Sources > Purple Chick > FLAC > ?? > you

This includes the fixed files
(Disc One Track 19 (7.6 MB)
(Disc Two Tracks 15, 16 (7.9 MB) and 17)


25(?) December, 1962, Star Club, Hamburg, Germany

1: Be-Bop A-Lula vocal: Fred Fascher (Teichiku + unbooted)
2: I Saw Her Standing There (unbooted)
3: Hallelujah I Love Her So – vocal: Horst Fascher (Teichiku + unbooted)
4: Red Hot – incomplete (unbooted)
5: Sheila (unbooted)
6: Kansas City/Hey Hey Hey Hey (unbooted)
7: Shimmy Like Kate (unbooted)
8: Reminiscing (unbooted)
9: Red Sails In The Sunset (unbooted)
10: Sweet Little Sixteen (unbooted)
11: Roll Over Beethoven (unbooted)
12: A Taste Of Honey – incomplete (unbooted)

13: Ask Me Why (Road Runner + Teichiku)
14: Long Tall Sally (Teichiku)
15: Besame Mucho (Teichiku)
16: Iím Gonna Sit Right Down And Cry (Over You) – incomplete (Teichiku)
17: Twist And Shout – incomplete (Lingasong + Sony + Batz)
18: Mr. Moonlight (Teichiku + Lingasong)
19: Falling In Love Again (Lingasong + Teichiku + unbooted + Teichiku)
20: Iím Talking About You (Teichiku + Sony + Teichiku)
21: I Remember You (Teichiku + Batz)


28(?) December, 1962, Star Club, Hamburg, Germany

1: Nothiní Shakiní (But The Leaves On The Trees) – incomplete (Teichiku + unbooted)
2: I Saw Her Standing There (unbooted)
3: To Know Her Is To Love Her (unbooted)
4: Everybodyís Trying To Be My Baby (unbooted)
5: Till There Was You (Third Reich source tape)
6: Where Have You Been All My Life? (Third Reich + Teichiku + Third Reich + unbooted)
7: Lend Me Your Comb (unbooted)
8: Your Feetís Too Big (unbooted)
9: Iím Talking About You (unbooted)
10: A Taste Of Honey (unbooted)
11: Matchbox (unbooted + Third Reich source tape + Teichiku)
12: Little Queenie (Teichiku + Third Reich source tape)
13: Roll Over Beethoven (Third Reich source tape)

31(?) December, 1962, Star Club, Hamburg, Germany

14: Road Runner (Road Runner + Teichiku + Road Runner + unbooted)
15: Hippy Hippy Shake (Teichiku + Batz +
16: A Taste Of Honey ( + Road Runner)
17: Money – vocal: Bobby Thompson (poss.) (or Tony Sheridan?) (Road Runner)

Bonus tracks:
King Size Taylor and the Dominos and *Cliff Bennett and the Rebel Rousers
31(?) December, 1962 Star Club, Hamburg, Germany

18: Sparkling Brown Eyes – vocal: Keith Hardie (Road Runner)
19: Lovesick Blues – vocal: John Frankland (Road Runner)
20: First Taste Of Love – vocal: Bobby Thompson (Road Runner)
21: Dizzy Miss Lizzy – vocal: Kingsize Taylor (Road Runner)
22: Hully Gully* – vocal: Cliff Bennett (Teichiku)

From the original uploader:
This release clears up a lot of speculation about the Beatlesí Star Club tapes, thanks to an unedited and unprocessed source tape (for which we cannot thank DarthDisc and the Darthelves enough). Although the recording dates are still guesses, we now know the correct order for about 2/3 of the songs. Even so, the second half of disc one is sequenced based more on smooth transitions than solid setlist information.

We tried to make sure every Star Club sound was accounted for, but not repeated: auditioning many Live At The Star Club CDs and LPS on a number of labels. Even so, we used Darthdiscís unprocessed tape wherever possible. As well as offering upgrades and previously unheard chat Red Hot, though still incomplete, is twice as long as before. ìRed SailsÖî now has an extra verse compared with the released version, while “I Saw Her Standing There” on disc two has an extra guitar solo. Conversely, we removed looped portions of “I’m Gonna Sit Right Down”, “Twist And Shout” and “I Remember You.”

It’s by no means perfect, but itís the best we have at the moment. And it’s the first time we’ve listened to the Star Club tapes in years. Hopefully you’ll gain a new appreciation for these historic recordings as well.

All tracks mono, at the correct speed, and eq’d for the most coherent listening experience. Enjoy!

Here’s why the original updates:

The full third version of “A Taste Of Honey” magically appeared, just after Star Club came out. It turns out that some dialogue that we placed on disc one belongs just before it. So we cut it out of disc one, put it at the end of “Hippy Hippy Shake” and did a minor tweak to “Money” just for the sake of continuity. A change of the info file and inside artwork to reflect this, and we’re all done.

Lossless Bootleg Bonanza: Grateful Dead – Washington, D.C. (06/24/95)


Grateful Dead
RFK Stadium
Washington, DC

Download: FLAC/MP3

This is a tagged version of shnid: 85339

FOB AKG 300B/CK91 -> DAT -> DAT

Tascam DA-30 -(S/PDIF)-> Diamond XTreme SC -> Cool Edit Pro -> CDWave -> FLAC (Level8)

Taper: Unknown
Transfer By: Scott Swayne (altheasboy) in 2007

** This is the 48k transfer from DAT. Down-sampling to 44.1k required for burning to audio CD. **

Tracks numbered by set, not by disk.

s1t01 tuning
s1t02 Jack Straw
s1t03 Althea
s1t04 Little Red Rooster
s1t05 Friend Of The Devil
s1t06 El Paso
s1t07 So Many Roads
s1t08 Promised Land

s2t01 tuning
s2t02 Aiko Aiko
s2t03 Long Way To Go Home
s2t04 Saint Of Circumstance >
s2t05 New Speedway Boogie >
s2t06 That Would Be Something >
s2t07 Drums >
s2t08 Space >
s2t09 The Days Between
s2t10 One More Saturday Night
s2t11 crowd
s2t12 (e) Black Muddy River

Hornsby on Piano for this show.

No known flaws.

From DATs borrowed from Neil Sturtevant long ago, the return of which is seriously overdue.

Lossless Bootleg Bonanza: Grateful Dead – Portland, ME (03/31/85)


Grateful Dead
Cumberland County Civic Center
Portland, ME

Download: FLAC/MP3

–Set 1–
101-d1t01 – The Music Never Stopped
102-d1t02 – Candyman ->
103-d1t03 – CC Rider ->
104-d1t04 – Loser
105-d1t05 – Beat It on Down the Line
106-d1t06 – Dupree’s Diamond Blues
107-d1t07 – It’s All Over Now ->
108-d1t08 – Don’t Ease Me In

–Set 2–
201-d1t01 – Iko Iko ->
202-d1t02 – Samson & Delilah ->
203-d1t03 – He’s Gone ->
204-d1t04 – I Need a Miracle ->
205-d1t05 – China Doll ->
206-d1t06 – Drums ->
207-d1t07 – Space ->
208-d1t08 – The Wheel ->
209-d1t09 – Playing in the Band (not the reprise) ->
210-d1t10 – Day Tripper

211-d1t11 – U.S. Blues

Source 1 (Set II Only)
This is a flac encoded & tagged version of shnid: 14671
Source: SBD
Lineage: MC> DAT> CD> SHN

It is not clear to me that the master in this case is a cassette; it may be the PCM (VHS hi-fi)of the “Amy Boards” that circulate from spring ’85. In any case, this was the lineage noted, and the quality is very clean.

There is a stunning jam after China Doll, complete with tape flip at 11:42.

If anybody knows about a SBD of set 1, please get in touch. The first set of this show is excellent, and includes one of the most monstrous versions of “Candyman”
I’ve heard.

Thanks to Raoul, Duke of Bean, for the disks.
Seeded by Peter Braverman (, the first day of 2003.

Source II

This is a tagged version of shnid: 30884
Nak CM100’s > D5 at the soundboard
Taper: Dave Minor
EAC/FLAC by Matt Vernon 9/21/2005

d2t6 – fade out at end to cover tape flip
d2t8 – Inverted Playing In The Band. Starts w/reprise, then goes into the song.

Lossless Bootleg Bonanza: Grateful Dead – Cincinnati, OH (10/02/76)

Orpheum 19760712

Saturday, October 2, 1976
River Front Coliseum –
Cincinnati, OH

Download: FLAC/MP3

this is a flac encoded & tagged version of shnid: 14560


Recorded by Jerry Moore on the left side, maybe a third of the way out from the stage and two thirds in front of center court, about 20 rows off the floor with 2 hand held Sony ECM-33Ps > Sony TC-153 deck. Maxell UD-120 cassettes, with Dolby B ON.

A > D by Noah Weiner ( January 2003

Nakamichi MR-1 cassette deck (MC playback) > Teac AN-180 Dolby decoder > Fostex D5 DAT deck (A>D only) > Turtle Beach Montego II Digital I/O > Soundforge (wav editing and track IDs) > SHNTOOL
(SBE fix) > MKW (shn)

–Set 1–
101-d1t01 – //The Promised Land*
102-d1t02 – They Love Each Other*
103-d1t03 – New Minglewood Blues
104-d1t04 – Row Jimmy
105-d1t05 – El Paso
106-d1t06 – Tennessee Jed
107-d1t07 – It’s All Over Now
108-d1t08 – Brown Eyed Women
109-d2t01 – crowd
110-d2t02 – Let It Grow -> Officially Released on Spirit of ’76
111-d2t03 – Might as Well Officially Released on Spirit of ’76

–Set 2 —
201-d2t04 – crowd & tuning
202-d2t05 – The Music Never Stopped**
203-d2t06 – Candyman
204-d2t07 – Samson & Delilah
205-d2t08 – It Must Have Been the Roses
206-d2t09 – Big River
207-d2t10 – Friend of the Devil
208-d3t01 – crowd
209-d3t02 – Dancing in the Streets ->
210-d3t03 – Drums ->
211-d3t04 – The Other One ->
212-d3t05 – Stella Blue*** ->
213-d3t06 – The Other One ->
214-d3t07 – Sugar Magnolia

There was no encore played.

–disc 1 total time–63:35–
–disc 2 total time–73:26–
–disc 3 total time–51:18–

notes from the original uploader:
*taken from circulating AUD > ? > C > DAT > CD source. EQ applied to somewhat improve sound quality and provide better transition into Moore’s master. Moore missed the first two songs due to “audience problems.”

**left channel line distortion on master cassette corrected with right channel blend at 04:12 (one second), 06:28 and
06:29 (under one second each)

***two minor noise blips on the master cassette from 6:07 to 6:09 could not be removed affectively, thus they remain.

There are occasional digital tick like sounds that upon examination in Soundforge did not resemble digital errors. After replaying the master cassettes, they were found there as well. They are more than likely claps from very close to the mics or simply anomalies on the master cassettes themselves. Because it was hard to determine the clap/anomaly truth, they have been left on the final product. These occur only a handful of times throughout the show.

Lossless Bootleg Bonanza: Mickey & The Heartbeats – San Francisco, CA (12/16/68)


Mickey Hart & the Hartbeats
(Garcia, Hart, and Jack Cassady)
San Francisco, Ca

Download: FLAC/MP3

This is a tagged version of shnid: 97296
MR (Abrams) > R (Peter Kafer) > R @ 7 1/2 ips (Will Boswell) > CD

Transfer info: reel > AKAI GX625 > Apogee Mini Me (24/96) > Apogee Mini Dac (monitoring) > Wavelab 5.0 (dithered to 16/44) > CD > EAC > Wav > Flac16

disc1 set 1

Jam w/ Spencer Dryden (42:01)

disc 2 set 2

Jam w/ David Getz (38:18)

Lossless Bootleg Bonanza: Jerry Garcia Band – San Francisco, CA (01/25/87)


Jerry Garcia Band
The Stone
San Francisco, CA

Download: FLAC/MP3

This is a flac encoded & tagged version of shnid: 19810
Source: MAC(Nak700s)>CDR>WAV>SHNv3.
Taper: John Corley.

DIsc 1 – Set 1
01 I’ll Take A Melody [12:25]
02 Think [08:50]
03 Knockin’ On Heaven’s Door [12:26]
04 Evangeline [03:48]
05 //Gomorrah [06:09]
06 //Deal [07:36]
Total time: 51:15

Disc 2 – Set 2
01 //Harder They Come [11:54]
02 Crazy Love [05:18]
03 Simple Twist Of Fate [13:02]
04 Stop That Train [06:18]
05 My Sisters And Brothers [04:15]
06 Midnight Moonlight [07:30]
Total time: 48:19

Comments from the original uploader: Tape is paused between some tracks with the clipping of the first note(s) of Gomorrah, Deal, and Harder They Come. A +1.8 dB gain was applied to the entire second set prior to tracking
because of a small disparity in the recording level between first set and second set

Thanks to J.Powell for providing the lineaged CDR source for me to extract. DAE(EAC0.9b4, offset
corrected, secure mode with track quality >99.%)>+1.8 dB gain applied to second set (SF6)>tracking
(cdwav editor)>sector boundaries confirmed(shntool)>SHN(shorten3.4)>FTP via C.Ladner/candyman FTP.

Lossless Bootleg Bonanza: Jerry Garcia Band – San Francisco, CA (03/05/88)

Jerry Garcia - 1988

Jerry Garcia Band
Warfield Theatre
San Francisco, CA

Download: FLAC/MP3

This is a tagged version of shnid: 16790

Disc 1 – Set 1
01 Cats Under The Stars [08:59]
02 Mission In The Rain [09:13]
03 Get Out Of My Life Woman [09:29]
04 I Shall Be Released [07:41]
05 Run For The Roses [05:36]
06 Deal [07:43]
Total time: 48:44

Disc 2 – Set 2
01 How Sweet It Is (To Be Loved By You) [06:57]
02 Like A Road [07:40]
03 Think [06:43]
04 My Sisters And Brothers [04:48]
05 Don’t Let Go [13:55]
That Lucky Old Sun (Just Rolls Around Heaven All Day) (**MISSING**)
Midnight Moonlight (**MISSING**)
Evangeline (**MISSING**)

Comments: d2t05 with Howard Wales (organ). Minor flaws: d1t06 – subsecond dropout in both channels removed at 06:01 using soundforge 5. d1t05 – 00:59 digifuzz fixed with editing pen, soundforge 5.

Thanks to D.Minches for providing CDR source. DAE, minor editing, SHN encoding via C.Ladner/candyman FTP.

Lossless Bootleg Bonanza: Jerry Garcia Band – Berkeley, CA (02/15/78)


Berkeley CA

Download: FLAC/MP3

s1t01 Love in the Afternoon
s1t02 Simple Twist of Fate
s1t03 I Second that /Emotion
s1t04 Gomorrah
s1t05 Midnight Moonlight

s2t01 Lonesome and a Long Way from Home

Unknown AUD kindly provided by wk &

Transfer: Maxell XLII > Nakamichi CR-5A > Edirol FA-66 > Wavelab 2448 >
R8Brain > CD-Wave > TLH > FLAC 1644 tagged. Transfer by Andrew F. 02/2017

Notes from the original uploader: This appears to be segments from a single show; most of the 1st Set (possibly missing an opening tune) and the final song of the 2nd set. The date is based on currently posted setlists, although this could actually be from any one of the four February ’78 Keystone shows, can’t confirm since nothing else is circulating and posted lists are not complete at this time.

A nice clear mono recording. Intermittent crackly static during Second that Emotion. Start of Simple Twist and Midnight Moonlight slightly clipped. Tape flip or gap of about a minute in Second that Emotion, crossfaded at 10:49.